The deadliest sniper of WWI

This week for our Sniper Tuesday is the WW1 Francis Pegahmagabow.  You need to check this one out!  Guess how many people he killed?  Read Below

In the bloodshed and chaos that is the battlefields of the First World War, hundreds of thousands of young Canadian men sign up to fight for their country overseas — but there’s one who sticks out from the crowd. His bravery and fearlessness are legendary. His fellow soldiers call him Peggy.

Francis Pegahmagabow MM & two bars was the First Nations soldier most highly decorated for bravery in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of World War I.
BornMarch 9, 1891, Parry Sound, Canada
DiedAugust 5, 1952, Parry Sound, Canada
Years of service1914–1919

Surviving the war’s deadliest jobs

Pegahmagabow is assigned to two of the war’s deadliest jobs: working as a scout, running messages from headquarters to the front lines, and as a sniper.

After spending so much of his youth hunting, Pegahmagabow turns out to be a uniquely skilled sniper. He sneaks into No Man’s Land under darkness, buries himself in cover and waits patiently until a German helmet fills his scope. It’s this mix of patience and unerring aim that makes him the deadliest sniper on either side of the war, with 378 confirmed kills.

It’s this mix of patience and unerring aim that makes him the deadliest sniper on either side of the war, with 378 confirmed kills. 

He’ll also survive the first chlorine gas attack at the Second Battle of Ypres — although the gas exposure causes irreparable damage to his lungs — and fights at the Somme, Passchendaele, and Amiens.

By the time he is discharged in 1919, Pegahmagabow is the most decorated First Nations soldier in Canadian history. He is awarded the Military Medal in 1916 and earns two bars, becoming one of just 37 Canadians to win the Military Medal with two bars. He is also awarded the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal, and the Victory Medal.

But unlike his fellow soldiers, Pegahmagabow’s fight does not end with the armistice. He’s a decorated veteran, but when he returns to Canada, he remains an Indian: a “ward of the state,” denied the rights of a Canadian citizen. He can’t vote, and — as is the case with all First Nations people at the time — almost every aspect of his life, from his ability to leave the reserve to his military pension, is controlled by an Indian Agent, a powerful white bureaucrat assigned to oversee all Indigenous people in his jurisdiction.

Fighting for Indigenous rights

In 1921, Pegahmagabow begins to advocate for change, first as a leader of his people. He’s elected chief of what is today the Wasauksing First Nation and has frequent clashes with the area’s Indian Agent, John Daly. He and his fellow band councilors embark on a letter-writing campaign seeking to increase the power of elected band leaders, but Ottawa insists they communicate only through Daly.

In 1945, Pegahmagabow is elected Supreme Chief of the Native Independent Government, an early Indigenous Civil Rights organization, and a precursor to the Assembly of First Nations.

By the 1950s, Pegahmagabow’s war injuries are catching up to him. His lungs are so weakened from gas exposure that he sleeps sitting upright to keep them from filling with fluid. He dies of a heart attack in 1952.

Pegahmagabow’s legacy lives on as an example of a life of service and determination, renowned for both his bravery as a soldier in the First World War and his ceaseless struggle for his people’s rights.

Thank you, CBC for the article.

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